A MATHEMATIC MODEL OF TWO MUTUALLY INTERACTING SPECIES WITH MORTALITY RATE FOR THE SECOND SPECIES

Annisa Rahayu, Yuni Yulida, Faisal Faisal

Abstract


One of the interactions that occur withinthe ecosystem is the interaction of mutualism. Such mutualism interactions can be modeled into mathematical models. Reddy (2011) study suggests a model of two mutually interacting
species that assumes that each species can live without its mutualism partner. In fact, not all mutual species survive without their mutualism pairs. If it is assumed that the second species lives without its mutualism partner, the first
species, then the natural growth rate of the second species population will decrease (the mortality rate). The purpose of this research is to explain the model of two mutually interacting species with mortality rate for the second species, to determine the equilibrium point and the type of stability, and to simulate them with several parameters. This research was done by way of literature studies. The result of this research is the model of two mutually interacting species with mortality rate for second species modeled using Nonlinear Differential Equation System. In the model, it was obtained 3 (three) points of equilibrium, with each type and type of stability investigated. Next up from the stability, model simulations were done. Based on several simulations
conducted can be seen the value of parameters and initial values affect the population growth of both species. The interaction model of two mutual species will be stable if the first species survive and the second species over time will be
extinct.

Keywords


Equilibrium Point, Interaction Model of Two Mutual Species, Type of Stability

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References


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